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Organ Trafficking Position Paper (Russia) Essay Sample free essay sample
Russia is a state in Northern Eurasia. bordered by the Arctic Ocean. and legion states such as China. Mongolia. and Georgia. The entire country of Russia is 17. 098. 242 square kilometres ( CIA. gov ) . doing it the largest state in the universe. The terrain of the state is Ã¢â¬Å"broad field with low hills west of Ural mountainss ; vast cone-bearing forest and tundra in Siberia ; highlands and mountains along southern boundary line regionsÃ¢â¬ ( CIA. gov ) with a clime that ranges from humid and warm topographic points to highly cold parts changing on its location. Russia is a federation state. presently under the government of President Vladimir Putin since May 7th of 2012. and the presidentÃ¢â¬â¢s term in office is six old ages. Russia has a population of about 142. 517. 670 ( July 2012 est. . CIA. gov ) and the bulk of the population is Russian ( 79. 8 % ) with some Tatar ( 3. 8 % ) and Ukrainian ( 2 % ) . The GDP per capita is $ 17. 000 ( 2011 est. . CIA. gov ) which is ran ked 71st and the GDP per capita shows about $ 800 addition every twelvemonth since 2009 ( CIA. We will write a custom essay sample on Organ Trafficking Position Paper (Russia) Essay Sample or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page gov ) . Russia belongs to the Group of Eight alleged. G-8 and the Group of Twenty besides known as G-20. The literacy rate of the Russian Federation is 99 % . and the most widely used linguistic communication in Russian ( 81 % ) . but some people populating in distant parts of Russia speaks autochthonal linguistic communications such as Bashkir ( 1. 3 % ) and Chuvash ( 1. 3 % ) . Subject: Organ TrafficingAlong with the dramatic advancement in human organ organ transplant. fleet globalisation has caused the creative activity of a new menacing market for illegal trafficking of human variety meats. Most of these variety meats that are traded in this black-market are purchased from givers of developing states who try to unclutter their debt with the money they received for their variety meats. The clients of the variety meats normally come from developed states because the procedure of organ organ transplant is time-consuming and expensive in their place states. Of the about 66. 000 kidney grafts ( 2008 ) performed every twelvemonth. more than 60 % of the variety meats are from unrecorded givers who were non related to the patients. The delegate of Russia believes that this figure will quickly increase sing the fact that the demands for fresh variety meats are lifting at an dismaying degree. Although the Russian Federation has no grounds that organ trafficking is being conducted in Russia. since there has been about 700. 000 ( BBC ) of Russian citizens trafficked to neighbouring states. the delegate of Russia believes that there is a high possibility that Russian citizens are being victims of organ trade outside the state. Furthermore. Russia is concerned that the human trafficking reported within the boundary line will increase in the close hereafter due to the geographical location of Russia. which is surrounded by states involved profoundly in organ trafficking such as Serbia. Ukraine. Georgia. and Belarus. In add-on. due to the fact that the mean GDP growing of the states surrounding Russia is -0. 8 % per twelvemonth. ( Wolfram|Alpha. 2010 ) the delegate of Russia predicts that the offense rate around the boundary lines of the Russian Federation will increase due to miss of occupations in states surrounding Russia. ensuing in more felons trying to nobble Russian citi zens. In order to forestall the menace of organ trafficking of Russian citizens in the boundary lines. the Russian Federation is helping states such as Serbia and Kosovo in tracking down organ trade agents. Besides. the Russian Federation has been an active member province of the World Health Organization and has supported assorted declarations. including Ã¢â¬Å"Human Organ and Tissue TransplantationÃ¢â¬ ( WHA 57. 18 ) of May 2004 and Ã¢â¬Å"WHO Guiding Principles on Human Cell. Tissue. and Organ TransplantationÃ¢â¬ of May 2008. The Russian Federation has already made a statute law that requires populating givers to be over 18 and genetically related to the receiving system ( 1992 ) . Because of this statute law. paid contribution utilizing Russian givers can merely go on outside Russian boundary lines. The Russian Federation is eager to go on taking portion in farther conferences and treatments. The delegate of Russia believes even though some states like Russia are seeking to acquire rid of organ trafficking. without the sturdy attempt of the other developed states to censor importing trafficked variety meats within their ain states. it will be impossible to stop this unfairness. Developed states must form a system that would promote an addition in legal organ givers. such as the opt-out system which has been successfully introduced in several states. or reconsider and deregulate the present system on the footing of WHO guidelines. At the same clip. Torahs must be organized to penalize illegal trafficking groups in order to protect hapless Ã¢â¬ËdonorsÃ¢â¬â¢ from being lured into the organ trade. The delegate of Russia strongly believes that developed states must set attempt in undertaking organ trafficking by back uping organ-exporting authoritiess by assisting them halt this illicit trade. and by reenforcing Torahs and amendments against importation of trafficked variety meats. Furthermore. corruptness of medical staff. constabulary. and authorities functionaries of organ-exporting states must be avoided and foreign assistance must be used efficaciously to better the lives of citizens. Russia is dying to convey an terminal to the illicit organ trade web that threatens 1000000s of lives and is confident in going a successful function theoretical account for other developed states in back uping developing states be free of organ trafficking. The delegate of Russia believes that cooperation between developed and developing states is compulsory to work out this complex job. The Russian Federation is looking frontward to a fruitful argument in the conference and hopes that this unfairness will be solved in a mode that will profit all. Bibliography Ã¢â¬Å"World Health Assembly Resolution WHA57. 18. Ã¢â¬ World Health Assembly. WHO. 28 May 2003. Web. 3 Sept. 2012. lt ; World Wide Web. who. int/transplantation/wha/en/ gt ; . Ã¢â¬Å"ABO Incompatibility in Transplants Ã¢â¬â Cedars-Sinai. Ã¢â¬ Cedars-Sinai Ã¢â¬â ANon-Profit Hospital in Los Angeles. Cedars-Sinai. n. d. Web. 4 Sept. 2012. lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: //cedars-sinai. edu/Patients/Programs-and-Services/Kidney-and-Pancreas-Transplant-Center/ABO-Incompatibility-and-Sensitized-Transplantation/ABO-Incompatibility-in-Transplants. aspx gt ; . BILEFSKY. DAN. Ã¢â¬Å"Black Market for Body Parts Spreads in Europe Ã¢â¬â NYTimes. com. Ã¢â¬ The New York Times Ã¢â¬â Breaking News. World News A ; Multimedia. The New YorkTimes. 28 July 2012. Web. 2 Sept. 2012. lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: //www. nytimes. com/2012/06/29/world/europe/black-market-for-body-parts-spreads-in-europe. hypertext markup language? _r=1 A ; pagewanted=all gt ; . Ã¢â¬Å"Central Intelligence Agency. Ã¢â¬ CIA- The World Factbook. CIA. 24 Aug. 2012. Web. 1 Sept. 2012. lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: //www. Central Intelligence Agency. gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/rs. hypertext markup language gt ; . Ã¢â¬Å"Kidney Transplant Ã¢â¬â NHS Choices. Ã¢â¬ NHS Choices Ã¢â¬â Your wellness. your picks. NHS. n. d. Web. 5 Sept. 2012. lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: //www. New Hampshire. uk/conditions/Kidney-transplant/Pages/Introduction. aspx gt ; . Ã¢â¬Å"Committee of Experts on Trafficing in Human Organs. Tissues and Cells. Ã¢â¬ 47 Countries Ã¢â¬â 800 million citizens Ã¢â¬â Council of Europe. Council of Europe. n. d. Web. 6 Sept. 2012. lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: //www. coe. int/t/DGHL/STANDARDSETTING/CDPC/PC_TO_en. asp gt ; . Ã¢â¬Å"Illegal organ trade on the rise in crisis-hit Europe. Ã¢â¬ Asiaone. The New Paper. 3 Apr. 2012. Web. 1 Sept. 2012. lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: //news. asiaone. com/News/Latest % 2BNews/World/Story/A1Story20120703-356826. hypertext markup language gt ; . Hughes. Donna. Laura Sporcic. and Nadine Mendelsohn. Ã¢â¬Å"Europe Ã¢â¬â Facts on Trafficking and Prostitution. Ã¢â¬ University of Rhode Island | Think Big. We Do. . URI. n. d. Web. 3 Sept. 2012. lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: //www. uri. edu/artsci/wms/hughes Lundin. Susanne Lundin. Ã¢â¬ Organ trafficking in Eastern Europe Ã « balticworlds. com. Ã¢â¬ Baltic Worlds. Centre for Baltic and East European Studies ( CBEES ) Sodertorn University. Stockholm. 11 Feb. 2010. Web. 4 Sept. 2012. lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: //balticworlds. com/the-valuable-body-organ-trafficking-in-eastern-europe/ gt ; . Ã¢â¬Å"NHSBT Ã¢â¬â Organ Donation Ã¢â¬â Statistics. Ã¢â¬ NHSBT Ã¢â¬â Organ Donation Ã¢â¬â Home. NHSBT. n. d. Web. 3 Sept. 2012. lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: //www. organdonation. New Hampshire. uk:800 OÃ¢â¬â¢REILLY. KEVIN. Ã¢â¬Å"Kidney graft program would give penchant to younger patients Ã¢â¬â amednews. com. Ã¢â¬ American Medical Association. AMA. n. d. Web. 1 Sept. 2012. lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: //www. ama-assn. org/amednews/2011/03/28/prsc032 Ã¢â¬Å"OPTN: Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network. Ã¢â¬ OPTN: Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network. HRSA. n. d. Web. 5 Sept. 2012. hypertext transfer protocol: //optn. graft. hrsa. gov/data/ PILKERTON. CHRISTOPHER. Ã¢â¬Å"6 Michigan Journal of Gender A ; Law 1999-2000 Traffic Jam: Recommendations for Civil and Criminal Penalties to Control the Recent Trafficking of Women from Post-Cold War Russia. Ã¢â¬ 6 Michigan Journal of Gender A ; Law 1999-2000 Traffic Jam: Recommendations for Civil and Criminal Penalties to Control the Recent Trafficking of Women from Post-Cold War Russia. HEIN ONLINE. n. d. Web. 2 Sept. 2012. lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: //heinonline. org/HOL/LandingPage? collection=journals A ; handle=hein. diary Ã¢â¬Å"Russia. Ã¢â¬ U. S. Department of State. U. S. Department of State. 19 June 2012. Web. 2 Sept. 2012. lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: //www. province. gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/3183 Ã¢â¬Å"Serbia Seeks RussiaÃ¢â¬â¢s Help in Organ Trafficking Inquiry | Russia | RIA Novosti. Ã¢â¬ RIA Novosti. RIA Novosti. 28 Jan. 2012. Web. 9 Sept. 2012. lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: //en. rian. ru/russia/20120128/170998 Tong. Matthew. Ã¢â¬Å"Overview of Renal graft. Ã¢â¬ The Hong Kong Society of Transplantation . HKST. n. d. Web. 2 Sept. 2012. lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: //www. hkst. org/the-education-corner/49-overview-of-renal-transplant. hypertext markup language gt ; .